Ayurveda consists of two words namely, Ayu and Veda. Ayu means life, which is a proper combination of the body, mind, sense organs and the soul. Veda means knowledge. Veda says that all things in this world animate or inanimate are composed of five primary states of matter and energy, called Pancha Bhutas.
- Prithivi (Earth)
- Ap (Water)
- Tejas (Radiant Matter)
- Vayu (Air)
- Akash (Ether)
Ayurveda concised the Pancha Bhutas into tridoshas called Vata, Piththa and Kapha.
Akash and Vayu Bhutas enter into the constitution of VATA.
Tejas enters into the constitution of PITHTHA.
While Prithivi and Ap Bhutas enter into the structure of KAPHA.
When in a person these three doshas are in their natural rhythm, that means when they are in a properly balanced state he is at ease, which is called Samyavastha (well being). When this rhythm is disturbed, that means when the balance of the doshas is lost he is at disease, which is called Vaishamya. The former is order while the later is disorder. Therefore, Ayurvedic treatments aim at keeping the doshas in equilibrium.
The treatment has three steps.
- Cleansing Process
- Palliative measure
- Treating the Causes